Terra Haute, Indiana is located in the western sector of Indiana. The Wabash River forms the city's western border, while Lost Creek is in the north and Honey Creek is in the south.
Statistics released in mid 2009 show that the population of Terre Haute was just under 60,000 residents who live on a land area of 31.2 square miles; density is rated as low, with just over 1,900 inhabitants per square mile. Those moving to Terre Haute will discover that Indianapolis is just 70 miles away.
As at January 2011 the Cost of Living Index for Terre Haute was listed as 83.6 points, well below the national average for the United States of 100 points.
After suffering a decline in its fortunes, the Downtown Terre Haute non-profit organization took it upon itself to revitalize and upgrade the downtown area which now boasts new businesses and hotels. In recognition of its efforts, the Indiana Chamber of Commerce awarded Terre Haute the title of Indiana's Community of the Year for 2010.
Terre Haute is home to Sony DADC, the largest facility in the United States for the production of compact discs.
Terre Haute, which means High Land, was named by French explorers who came to the region in the early 1800s. A settlement was formed which was later considered as part of the border between Canada and Louisiana. Being located on a navigable river (the Wabash), the community thrived, mostly from agriculture and pig farming. Terre Haute was formed as a town in 1832. The Wabash and Eerie Canal, which was completed in 1849, brought further riches to the town and in 1853 the residents chose to be incorporated as a city.
Of the many cultural landmarks in the city, the Swope Art Museum which features American artists and the Turman Art Gallery which has a large collection of Andy Warhol works are of interest. The 150 year old building which houses the Vigo County Historical Society Museum has wonderful artifacts on show.